Your article did an excellent job of explaining the the importance of group economics in black communities. It was especially interesting that you mentioned that Black cooperatives were labeled communist and jailed in the McCarthy era.

Even after this, black people were labeled communists for wanting to participate in a different socioeconomic system.

Black people have always been grouped with the “left,” suggesting that methods being used to fight systematic racism were not legitimate.

Vitale, A. S. (2018). The end of policing. London, UK: Verso.

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